I've heard that numerous inquiries to your credit
report can lower your credit score. Does this
apply to inquiries related to mortgage "pre-approvals"
-- Bill Bewildered
Any time a lender pulls your credit report at your request
to consider you for a loan, that inquiry will show up on your credit report and
influence your credit score.
Mortgage pre-approvals will definitely
generate an inquiry because the lender is making a loan commitment. A lender's
prequalification isn't a loan commitment but will show up as an inquiry if the
lender pulls your credit report at your request. Mortgage and car loan inquiries
are treated a little differently than when you apply for a credit card. If you
are shopping around for a mortgage and apply at several places, the multiple loan
applications won't hurt your credit score as long as the applications were made
over a relatively short period of time.
Web site explains this type of rate shopping in depth:
for a mortgage or an auto loan may cause multiple lenders to request your credit
report, even though you're only looking for one loan. To compensate for this,
the score ignores all mortgage and auto inquiries made in the 30 days prior to
scoring. So if you find a loan within 30 days, the inquiries won't affect your
score while you're rate shopping. In addition, the score looks on your credit
report for auto or mortgage inquiries older than 30 days. If it finds some, it
counts all those inquiries that fall in a typical shopping period as just one
inquiry when determining your score. For FICO scores calculated from older versions
of the scoring formula, this shopping period is any 14-day span. For FICO scores
calculated from the newest versions of the scoring formula, this shopping period
is any 45-day span. Each lender chooses which version of the FICO scoring formula
it wants the credit reporting agency to use to calculate your FICO score.
preapproval can help you close the deal on a house because you don't have to put
a mortgage contingency in your offer. A prequalification doesn't really help in
that regard. It's more to give you an idea what size mortgage you can afford.
much house can you afford" calculator can do that and there's no credit inquiry.